Amarna Tell el-


Amarna Tell el-
Place on the eastern bank of the Nile near the village of Haggi Qandil, south of Cairo. For a time it was the capital of Egypt, and in 1887 a cache of inscribed tablets was discovered which proved to be correspondence between Ikhnaton, the monotheist Pharaoh of Egypt (d. 1347 BCE), and rulers of neighbouring countries; there are details of marriage negotiations and the organization of the province of Canaan and its network of city states, and of their civilization. They refer to the incursion of Canaan by the Habiru and several archaeologists argued attractively that these people were the Hebrews led by Joshua of the biblical narratives. However, there are major problems which tell against any such identification. While some details in the letters fit OT descriptions, others (e.g. the insignificance of Hebron does not accord with its importance in Josh.) do not, suggesting that the accounts in Josh., Judg. derive from a later period. The Habiru of the letters may have been marauding brigands who were a menace to the established inhabitants, and were not the invading Israelites of the exodus narratives.

Dictionary of the Bible.

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  • AMARNA (TELL EL-) — Sous le nom d’Amarna ou Tell el Amarna, on désigne le site de Moyenne Égypte où le pharaon de la XVIIIe dynastie (XIVe s. av. J. C.) Aménophis IV Akhénaton choisit d’édifier sa nouvelle capitale pour prendre ses distances avec Thèbes et pour… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Amarna, Tell el- — Ancient city, Egypt. Located midway between Thebes and Memphis on the Nile River, it was built in the 14th century BC by the Egyptian king (pharaoh) Akhenaton, who moved his subjects there in order to found a new monotheistic religion. Artifacts… …   Universalium

  • Amarna, Tell-el — ► Nombre moderno de la c. egipcia de Akhet Aton, cap. de Amenhotep IV …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Amarna, Tell el- — Antigua ciudad de Egipto. Localizada a medio camino entre Tebas y Menfis en el río Nilo, fue construida en el s. XIV BC por el rey egipcio (faraón) Ajnatón, quien trasladó allí a sus súbditos para fundar una nueva religión monoteista. Entre los… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Amarna — Amarna, Tell el …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Amarna — Ville d Égypte antique Le petit temple d Aton Noms en égyptien ancien …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Tell el-Amarna — Nomos del antiguo Egipto. Mapa …   Wikipedia Español

  • Tell el Amarna — Tel el Amarna Tel el A*mar na, n. [Ar., hill of Amarna.] A station on the Nile in Egypt, midway between Thebes and Memphis, forming the site of the ancient city of Akhetaton, capital of Amenophis IV. (Akhenaton, or Amenhotep IV., of the 18th… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Tell-el-Amarna — Tel el Amarna Tel el A*mar na, n. [Ar., hill of Amarna.] A station on the Nile in Egypt, midway between Thebes and Memphis, forming the site of the ancient city of Akhetaton, capital of Amenophis IV. (Akhenaton, or Amenhotep IV., of the 18th… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Amarna-Archiv — EA 161 (Vorderseite), Aziru von Amurru an den Pharao Bei den sogenannten Amarna Briefen (auch Amarna Archiv) handelt es sich um einen umfangreichen Fund an Tontafeln in akkadischer Keilschrift des Palastarchives des Pharao Echnaton aus seiner… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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